A laparoscopy is a surgical method that involves inserting a camera, or laparoscope, into the abdomen. Laparoscopies can be used to diagnose pelvic problems, to treat endometriosis, and to remove ovarian cysts, fibroids, or the uterus.
Laparoscopic surgeries are done under general anesthesia. The laparoscope is usually inserted through the belly button. Carbon dioxide gas is infused into the abdomen so the pelvic organs can be seen. A few small incisions are also made in the lower abdomen so other surgical instruments can be placed.
The benefits of laparoscopy are small incisions, quicker recovery time, less pain, and lower risk of infection. The procedure is ususally performed as an out-patient. Many patients can return to normal activities within a few days.